the Twelve Apostles (Simon Peter, the Rock)

It has been said that the apostle Peter was a slender person.  He was of a middle size, inclining to tallness, and that his complexion was pale (almost white.)  It has, also, been said that he had a short, thick, curled beard, thin eyebrows (or no eyebrows at all.)

Another description of the apostle Peter is that his eyes were black, but flecked with red due to frequent weeping.

Peter was born in Betsaida (in Galilee, Israel.)   By profession, he was a fisherman.  His father (also a fisherman) was named Jona; his brother, the apostle Andrew.  He and his brother (Andrew), along with their partners (the apostles James and John) were fishermen on the Sea of Galilee.  Zebedee (the father of James and John) was also a partner.

So firm was Peter’s faith that Jesus gave him the name of Cephas, meaning, in the Syriac language, a rock (Peter is the Greek translation of Cephas.)

The house in which Peter lived, in Capernaum, is still standing; in the 5th century AD, however, a Christian church was constructed over it.

It was Peter who preached to the masses in Jerusalem on the day of Pentecost (following Jesus’ ascension to heaven.) His message is recorded in the New Testament of the Bible, the book of Acts, chapter 2.

Peter is, also, the one who prompted the disciples to choose a replacement to take over the apostolic ministry of Judas Iscariot (after Judas’ betrayal of Christ Jesus.)

It was, also, Peter who healed a man, who was over 40 years of age, who had been crippled from birth, with but the words, “Silver and gold I do not have, but what I have I give to you.  In the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, walk.”

Peter was called by the apostle Paul a “pillar” of the Church.  It was, also, believed by the crowds that the mere casting of his shadow upon the sick was capable of bringing about miraculous healing.

Peter is the one who defended the inclusion of the Gentiles (non-Jews) into the Christian Church at the Apostolic Council in Jerusalem.  His ministry was primarily to the Jews, as the apostle Paul’s was to the Gentiles.

After being imprisoned several times in Jerusalem (because of his faith), Peter left with his wife and possibly others.  It is believed that he ministered (in Babylon) to the Jewish colonists there.  It is, also, believed to be his location when he wrote his first epistle (1 Peter.)

Peter eventually went to Rome.  While there, it is believed that John Mark (the writer of the Gospel of Mark) served as his translator (as he preached.)  There is a Church tradition which says that “Mark the disciple and interpreter of the apostle Peter wrote a short gospel at the request of the brethren at Rome, embodying what he had heard Peter tell.”  Thus Peter was the source of the Gospel of Mark.

According to Church tradition, the Roman Emperor Nero, publicly announcing himself the chief enemy of God, was led in his fury to slaughter the Apostles.  Because of this persecution, Peter was crucified upside down while in Rome.

Concerning the last hours of his life, it is said that Peter, when seeing his own wife led out to die, rejoiced because of her summons and her return home.  He called to her very encouragingly and comfortingly, addressing her by name, and saying, “O thou, remember the Lord.”

Of the final days of the apostle Peter in Rome, Italy, Jowett wrote that Peter was cast into a horrible prison called the Mamertine.  For nine months, in absolute darkness, he endured monstrous torture manacled to a post.  In spite of all the suffering Peter was subjected to, however, he converted his jailers, Processus, Martinianus, and forty-seven others.

Peter met his death at the hand of the Romans in Nero’s circus, 67AD.


Kita tau bahwa Petrus adalah murid Yesus yang “paling banyak bicara”.  Di satu sisi dia menunjukkan siapa diri dia apa adanya tanpa takut terhadap apa yg akan dikatakan oleh Yesus atau oleh murid2 yg lain.  Di lain sisi dia jelas-jelas mengkhianati Yesus ketika menyangkal bahwa dia adalah murid Yesus.

Jika mengingat kembali latar belakang dia, rasanya begitu heran membaca buku 1 Petrus.  Tema yang dia tulis ttg pengharapan, iman, dan kasih. Tema lain nya ttg hidup kudus, rendah hati, dan penderitaan.

Petrus yang dulu “gagal” berjalan di atas air, sekarang bicara ttg iman.  Petrus yang selalu pertama kali menjawab Yesus, bicara ttg kerendahan hati.  Petrus yang menyangkal Yesus karena takut, mengajarkan kebahagiaan dalam penderitaan seorang kristen. Petrus betul2 berubah menjadi batu karang dan menjadi pemimpin jemaat pertama yg luar biasa.

ketika kita melihat kehidupan kita yang dulu dan sekarang, apakah ada perbedaan?  Orang yg lama mengenal kita, bisa melihat siapa kita yg terdahulu, dan siapa kita sekarang? Jika tidak ada perbedaan, mungkin kah itu karena kita tidak bisa melihat bagaimana cara Tuhan bekerja dlm hidup kita?  Petrus berubah karena dia membiarkan Yesus mengambil alih hidupnya.  Petrus punya hubungan yg sgt personal dgn Yesus.  Apakah kamu punya hubungan yg sgt personal dgn Yesus?


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s